History and mission of the Russian School - Private Law Research Centre under the President of the Russian Federation named after S.S. Alexeev

Российская школа частного права


The most important direction of work of the Research Center for Private Law named after S.S. Alekseev under the President of the Russian Federation is the educational activity. In 1995, at the premises of the Research Center, a unique educational institution – the Russian School for Private Law was established to train highly qualified lawyers. The idea of ​​its creation belonged to the main developers of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, who included such experienced teachers as S.S. Alekseev, V.A. Dozortsev, E.A. Sukhanov, S.A. Khokhlov, and others. In the early 90s of the last century, the entry into force of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, the preparation of which was carried out on the basis of the Research Center, led to the urgent need for qualified personnel to apply the new Civil Code – the need for new civilists. The fact is that the Civil Code was not just a new law – it marked the new era, the transition from a planned socialist economy to a free market, as well as the revival of the national civil law school, which had been almost forgotten over the decades of the process of laying an emphasis on the public nature of the civil law. At that time, no law university in our country taught the ideas and principles that were provided by the new Civil Code. To meet the need for new civil law specialists, the Program “Establishment and Development of Private Law in Russia” approved by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of 7 July 1994 No. 1473 provided for the establishment of the Russian School for Private Law with branches in Moscow and Yekaterinburg. Regular classes at the School began in October 1995. The tasks of the School, according to its founders, were to train highly qualified lawyers who could implant civilized principles to the emerging Russian market, give stability and order to the stream of commerce, establish the ideals and values ​​of private law, participate in preparation of the new Russian legislation and, of course, be the future heirs of the national civil-law school. The Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of 16 June 2007 No. 769 determined the main activities of the Russian School for Private Law, its special place and role in the system of higher legal education in the country. Over the years, the rectors of the School were Stanislav Antonovich Khokhlov, Yuri Khamzatovich Kalmykov, Pavel Vladimirovich Krasheninnikov, Alexander Lvovich Makovsky. The School has always formed a single whole with the Research Centre for Private Law (the professors of the School were the members of the staff of the Centre and the School was situated at the premises of the Centre), but by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of 31 December 2014 No. 834 and by the Order of the Government of the Russian Federation of 17 January 2015 No. 35-p it was legally included into the Private Law Research Centre. At present, the School is the organizational unit of the Centre which is directly involved in the educational activities. Both the Moscow and the Ural branches currently operate. In the course of 19 years of its existence the School has prepared more than a thousand highly qualified specialists with higher legal education to carry out legislative, teaching and law enforcement activities related to the legal regulation of the business operations. The founder and the owner of the property of the Private Law Research Centre is the Russian Federation. The founder’s functions and powers are executed on behalf of the Russian Federation by the Government of the Russian Federation. Several functions and powers of the founder are executed by the Ministry of Science and by the Federal Agency for State Property Management. Since its establishment, the School has been committed to four major principles that allow the School to provide the high level of the Masters’ education.The first principle concerns a careful selection of the disciplines being studied and invitation to the teaching of the first-class professors and serious scientists, most of whom had become famous for their work in the particular area of ​​private law on which they give lessons to the students at the School. The school provides the opportunity to be engaged in the research and look into the most recent scientific works of the leaders of the profession.

The second principle is the original author’s nature of courses taught at the School.

The third principle is a small number of students accepted for study  each year. The school is devoid of ambitions to show quality of the education by the means of quantity. We are interested in the students who enter our School not to just obtain the diploma, but to become a devoted qualified specialist. We presume that carefully selected students who have passed the strict entrance examinations will themselves also generate an environment of creativity.

The fourth principle is, in fact, the inseparability of the School and the Research Center. This is the single educational and research complex in which one can not only learn, but also personally observe the formation and development of scientific legal ideas, as well as their implementation in practice in the process of expert activities and in the course of the preparation of draft laws.

The staff of the School includes recognized law experts and eminent Russian civilists, including Alexander Lvovich Makovsky (Academic Director of the Research Centre), Evgeny Alekseevich Sukhanov, Dmitry Vadimovich Dozhdev, Konstantin Ilich Sklovsky, Alexander Sergeevich Komarov, Elena Alexandrovna Pavlova, Roman Sergeevich Bevzenko, Andrei Mikhailovich Shirvindt, Denis Vasilievich Novak, Anna Alexandrovna Sirotkina, Sergei Vasilyevich Tretyakov, Oleg Romanovich Zaytsev, and many others

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